عنوان مقاله [English]
Participatory governance is one of the successful approaches to public policy and management. This approach reduces many social and political tensions and challenges and leads to an increase in social capital. But the lack of knowledge of the effective methods and tools in this approach has caused the optimal use of this approach is not made. In this article, the methods and tools of participatory governance in the field of politics are examined. The method of this research is content analysis and using this method, data has been collected and checked with the help of library and internet sources, and then, by analyzing the collected data, the methods and tools of participatory governance have been extracted. In the following, with the help of 31 experts and academic and organizational experts in this field, the desired components have been identified with 16 indicators and in two main categories of methods and tools. The findings show that 8 methods of voting, surveying and polling, consultation, collective decision-making, production of common literature, networking and team building, information sharing, and collective work are among the most important methods of implementing participatory governance and 8 tools such as virtual platforms, free-thinking seats, elections, marches, Friday prayers, gatherings and protests, social media, and think tanks are among the most important political tools of participatory governance in the country.