عنوان مقاله [English]
What is the method of establishing an ideal model for progress and development? The first step for development is recognizing the contradictions of Iran’s society and then solving them. So we propose a new methodology that I called "holistic methodology". This methodology is based on phenomenology and dialectics. According to this methodology, we conclude that in order to we conserve social order, progress must be in conform it with the critical speed of social change. This critical speed must be consistent with the logic of motion in economic sphere. So development model must be designed with respect to this character of economic sphere. Of course, the problem of critical speed must be aligned in political and cultural sphere. So, the dialectical situation in social sphere leads to a paradoxical state in recognition of progress problems in mainstream development paradigm. We conclude that the main problem of progress is contradiction between legitimacy and efficiency. The main solution also is to devise a institutional design to solve contradictions. These contradictions are rooted in tension between the different layers of reality and also in the inconsistency of different logics in social sphere. So, we need a logic to give us development theories for recognizing and solving these contradictions.