عنوان مقاله [English]
Time "is the category where the social and individual acts of a human being take place, and it has a central place in the ordering and organizing of daily life of actors, the realization of social processes, planned development and management of societies.The purpose of this research is to examine the semantic system of Isfahanian citizens from time in terms of understanding, interpretation and their experience of time and temporality in everyday life. The study method is a qualitative type of interpretive phenomenology. After conducting in-depth interviews with 26 persons and discovering the basic concepts and important categories during coding with Colaizzi’s method, seven major categories were obtained: overcoming the imbalanced speed on balanced speed; development-oriented/depletion development movements in the path of life; development promoter/inhibitor orientations and actions; inefficient temporal combination of events on the path; stagnant temporal organization; the overcoming of passive temporality over self-directed temporality; the dominance of present on past and future. All of these categories depict the conceptual space of the dual-core theme of "development-oriented/depletion development temporality". The lived experience of individuals suggests that presentism, uncertainty and selfish actions with an erratic rhythm in the path to life have overcome on futurism, certainty, and developmental actions with balanced social speed. The consequence of this is the formation of an inefficient temporality that prevents the realization of development processes in the light of the common horizons and expectations.