Complexities of Identifying Public Issues in Iran with a Grounded Theory Approach

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student., Department of Public Administration, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Prof., Department of Public Administration, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant Prof., Department of Public Administration, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


What governments either decide to do or do not decide to do is called public policy. This process begins with identifying the issues; but its focus on identifying these very issues is something that affects the general public. This research provides a model for identifying public issues in Iran with the grounded theory approach. In this essay, the grounded theory has been used and 15 interviews with policy experts have been conducted. Data were analyzed by open, axial and selective coding and the research model was presented. Data analysis led to 122 concepts, 23 categories and the formation of the grounded theory model. The results show that the causal conditions include the issues of public sensitivity to the subject, the cost of the issue for the country, the geographical area surrounding the issue, emergency events and natural disasters, interfering factors including legislators and government officials, Political actors, non-governmental actors, mass media, universities and research institutes in the public space of the Iranian policy-making system, the intellectual currents and mental models of policy makers, political and security dynamics, social, cultural and religious conditions, Economic and technological developments, foreign and international currents along with organizational and administrative currents influence the identification of public issues in Iran.


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  • Receive Date: 08 October 2021
  • Revise Date: 01 November 2021
  • Accept Date: 15 January 2022
  • First Publish Date: 15 January 2022