عنوان مقاله [English]
Iran and Saudi Arabia are two regional powers in West Asia that have long had ideological and political rivalries. After the victory of the Islamic Revolution in 1979, the pre-existing competition intensified and the security of the West Asian region underwent a fundamental change. The two countries have different views on regional order, both claiming leadership of the Islamic world and trying to design regional strategies to influence regional developments in their favor. Saudi Arabia puts the basis of its regional strategy on compromise with the West, while Iran-leveraging its network of regional coalitions-pursues geopolitical resistance. After the dominolike uprisings throughout the Arab countries in the region in the name of the Islamic Awakening and their subsequent developments, the rivalry between the two countries intensifies even more. Iran and Saudi Arabia pursued two different strategies in their neighborhood policy towards the developments regarding the Islamic-awakening in the Arab world. The purpose of this article is to examine the neighborhood policy of Iran and Saudi Arabia in Bahrain, Syria and Yemen. This article seeks to answer the main question: What was the neighborhood policy of Iran and Saudi Arabia towards the Islamic Awakening and the subsequent developments in West Asia? In this article, in addition to examining the neighborhood policy of Iran and Saudi Arabia during the Islamic Awakening, leading strategies in the future of Saudi-Iranian relations are also examined. using the library resources, the authors adopt the qualitative method of documentary analysis to write this paper.