عنوان مقاله [English]
The political system in countries such as Iran, which are in a heterogeneous and diverse situation in terms of ethnic and linguistic diversity, needs to create a sense of national solidarity among its ethnic groups for stability and survival. Therefore, in multi-ethnic countries, one of the main actions is to formulate and implement ethnic policies. Due to the need to formulate ethnic policies, the purpose of this study was to provide an optimal model of ethnic policy in the Islamic Republic of Iran (Case study: students living in ethnic areas and studying at Imam Sadegh (AS) University and Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch). The method of the present study was applied in terms of purpose and descriptive in terms of implementation method. The statistical population of the study included 850 undergraduate and doctoral students and 265 people were selected as a simple random sample based on Morgan table. Data collection tools included a researcher-made questionnaire with 6 components and 79 questions that the reliability of the questionnaire with Cronbach's alpha of 0.94 was confirmed. Structural equation method and Amos software were also used to analyze the hypotheses. finally the four main components of national identity, religious identity, citizen-centered and justice-oriented were identified as the most important components. By combining the above 4 components; The model of "Iranian-Islamic pluralism" was introduced as a desirable model of ethnic policy in the Islamic Republic of Iran.