عنوان مقاله [English]
Access to a favorable environment is one of the gools of 1404 vision document. What is meant , favorable environment? And how we can be confident the country moves towards it? The purpose of this article is to provide a model for monitoring the environment of the country and 25 countries subject to the document and then monitor the situation of them in 2006, 2011 and 2016.
The model extracted from the theoretical foundations and literature, based on the opinion of experts, was finalized in the form of 7 indicators and 17 variables, by using the focus group, questionnaire, Delphi, coefficient of variation and average relative weight .Then, a composite index was created by using the TOPSIS technique. Then, performance of the environment of Iran and the 25 countries in general and in seven dimensions have been studied.
The results show, the 10-year environmental performance of Iran and the countries are unsatisfactory and their index has been declining.In 2016, Iran is ranked seventh in the region ( higher than most of its main competitors,except Turkey). On the other hand, the intensity of the decline in the index in Iran was with -1.02, higher than the average and the main countries (except Saudi Arabia and Egypt).
Iran's performance in 4 indicators, was worse than the important countries in the region.Iran in 2 indicators, performed better and air quality indicator didn’t have sufficient data to evaluate. At the end, with reference to the critical areas, suggestions and policy priorities are presented.