عنوان مقاله [English]
According to customary international law, foreign states are immune to judicial prosecution in domestic courts of other countries. Such immunity was first exercised in the United States in Schooner Exchange vs. McFaddon case on the basis of courtesy, not as a fundamental right. Since that time, decisions made by the US courts with regard to immunity of foreign states have been influenced by decisions of the Department of State. Since early 20th century and after the beginning of extensive intervention by the state in market economy, despite Washington acceded to the limited immunity of foreign states, that immunity was still influenced by decisions of the Department of State. The Congress passed a law in 1976 on the immunity of foreign states in order to increase latitude of the judicial authorities in investigating cases which came under the immunity of foreign states independent to the Executive. Based on that law, foreign states were granted absolute immunity to judicial competence of the US federal and state courts unless a case was considered one of the exceptions which were mentioned by the law of immunity. However, the US courts continued to take orders from the Department of State. This paper uses content analysis method to discuss compliance of judicial and legislative authorities of the United States with the executive power: a system which is more influenced by political pressures than the rule of law.