عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the way to defend rights is to design and review affirmed theories of rights and evaluate their justified principles. This article introduces one of these theories entitled "the egalitarian theory". By adopting a justifiable theoretical approach, it aims at putting forward a plausible basis for designing the idea of rights as a guaranteed claim against other claims on the basis of two elements: human dignity and moral agency.;
In this theory, the idea of rights attaches an unconditional worth to the existence of each person, irrespective of her particular value to others. The assumption of unconditional worth is based on the importance of life for every person, irrespective of her wealth, power or social status. The affirmed theories may be subject to weaknesses, but without any doubt, their positive aspect in justifying a theory of rights constitutes their dominant aspect.