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No 88
Vol. 88 No. 27
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Achieving power, excellence, and prosperity and wealth generation through utilization of new technologies such as nanotechnology is considered as one of Iran’s Meta-policies. This research was conducted to assess and analyze the cooperation of industrial companies and nanotechnology oriented businesses in a process of developing a new product. Its goal is to recognize major challenges and propose new approaches and solutions to overcome them. To do so, multiple long-term case studies method was implemented upon nanotechnology businesses from 2010 to 2017. To gather data for this article, semi-structured interviews were conducted with business managers and directors and company CEOs, also documents such as meeting agendas and agreements were analyzed to complement the interviews. To assess and analyze the date open and axial coding method was used. Some challenges include lack of knowledge between new businesses and industrial companies, existential discrepancy of academic knowledge of a new business and traditional ways of a company towards innovation of new products and services, prolonged process of developing a new product and its complexities and expenses, oversimplified view of new product development, risks and mistrusts, unfair financial benefits made by cooperation and unwillingness of industrial companies to progress towards new fields of technologies. Based on the mentioned challenges, related approaches and solutions were compiled to resolve them
Mohammad Ali Bahreini Zarch - ali mobini - Ali Mobini Dehkordi
Keywords : Strategic cooperation ، New Business ، Industrial Company ، New Product Development ، Nanotechnology ، Challenges ، Approaches
Rule of Law is one of the historical ideals of Iranians. The main goal of the Constitutional Movement in Iran was "Law". Intellectuals from various nationalistic and religious groups, as well as ordinary people, Looked at the idea of eradicating despotism and achieving progress, from the perspective of the "Rule of Law". "Rule of Law" has experienced many changes since Constitutional Movement up to now, "Constitution"- the spirit of Law- is considered as one of the major achievements of both the Constitutional Movement as well as Islamic Revolution. It is in the Constitution that the civil law, the public law, and the public international law is defined and established. Although the separation of powers and civil law are stipulated in the Constitution, the Rule of Law practically has been faced with serious challenges. We think if Iran has encountered impediments in its development path, it relates to country’s weaknesses and vulnerabilities in the realm of the Rule of Law and the legal system. The aim of this article is to achieve to a conceptual and strategic model for the Rule of Law in the Islamic Republic of Iran by taking advantage of the historical development of legal theories both in the West and in Iran as well as experiences of people in different societies reflected in the political science. Thus, we try to detect the weaknesses and challenges of establishing the idea of the Rule of Law from both theoretical and practical viewpoints so that we are able to overcome the challenges of the Rule of Law in Iran. This effort, we hope, may contribute to achieving Iran’s national progress and development plans
Seyyed Morteza Nabavi - Seyd Ali Mortazavian
Keywords : law ، rule of law ، rechtsstaat strategic model
Earthquake is among natural disasters faced by humans, and Iran is among countries which are especially prone to such disasters. With regard to high frequency of earthquakes in Iran, more attention should be given to earthquake crisis management in Iran, especially in Tehran, which enjoys high strategic significance as the capital city of Iran and is seriously susceptible to quakes. Building scenarios is a tool for strategic planning when faced with future uncertainties and has been in focus for a few decades. Therefore, given the inefficiencies of crisis management in Tehran, it is suggested to adopt the scenario building approach to reduce the impact of Tehran's earthquake. In this study, data has been collected by interviewing 10 scientific and executive elites, and theme analysis has been applied to analyze data. Finally, five important themes including the necessity of scenario building, barriers, challenges facing scenario building, the best solution to provide the ground for scenario building, requirements of scenario building as well the consequences of the scenario building have been identified. Study of these themes shows that development of an integrated system with the goal of supporting scenario building, documentation, information sharing, coordinating organizations, and emphasis on expertise, are major steps which should be taken to improve crisis management. In addition, further studies are needed to prepare the necessary infrastructures of earthquake crisis management across Iran and Tehran
Mohaddeseh Azimi - AliAsghar Pourezzat
Keywords : crisis management ، earthquake of Tehran ، scenario ، scenario building
In the last decade, factors such as economic crises, population growth, demand for further education, the relationship between education and employment, and rapid technological changes and information have affected, in particular, the employment and skills needed for the labor market. Also, changing the power of the hardware to smart and soft power has caused the quality of education and research to be one of the main concerns of higher education systems in most countries of the world. In the past two decades, some countries have reduced this concern by continuously evaluating and improving the quality of education and, in a faster and better way, reach the level of desirable global standards, and therefore, in the field of competition, the element of time has particular importance, and any waste of time means retardation and failure in reaching mentioned objectives. In this article, while referring to the necessity of improving the quality of continuing education system of higher education, first, the gained experience for capacity building of the educational system upgrade has been analyzed. Also, according to the existing criteria, the most successful efforts related to capacity building are mentioned. Accordingly, strategies to improve the quality of higher education in the country have been discussed, including the change in attitudes and insights, scientific management, decentralization, the competitive system for the employment of university professors, the link between university and industry and technology, interaction and scientific development, establishing the structure of university communication with institutions and social organizations, etc
Mohammad Nagh Iman - Elaheh Eivazi
Keywords : educational quality ، educational assessment ، higher education system ، strategy
Time "is the category where the social and individual acts of a human being take place, and it has a central place in the ordering and organizing of daily life of actors, the realization of social processes, planned development and management of societies. The purpose of this research is to examine the semantic system of Isfahanian citizens from time in terms of understanding, interpretation and their experience of time and temporality in everyday life. The study method is a qualitative type of interpretive phenomenology. After conducting in-depth interviews with 26 persons and discovering the basic concepts and important categories during coding with Colaizzi’s method, seven major categories were obtained: overcoming the imbalanced speed on balanced speed; development-oriented/depletion development movements in the path of life; development promoter/inhibitor orientations and actions; inefficient temporal combination of events on the path; stagnant temporal organization; the overcoming of passive temporality over self-directed temporality; the dominance of present on past and future. All of these categories depict the conceptual space of the dual-core theme of "development-oriented/depletion development temporality". The lived experience of individuals suggests that presentism, uncertainty and selfish actions with an erratic rhythm in the path to life have overcome on futurism, certainty, and developmental actions with balanced social speed. The consequence of this is the formation of an inefficient temporality that prevents the realization of development processes in the light of the common horizons and expectations
Zahra Zakeri Nasrabadi - Mohammad Javad Zahedi - Moahammad Amin Ghanei Raad - - Amir Maleki
Keywords : sociology of time ، temporal organization of everyday life ، biographical time ، time orientation ، interpretive phenomenology

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