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آخرین شماره

No 83
Vol. 83 No. 26
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آخرین مقالات منتشر شده

The integration of information systems in e-government is faced with barriers in Iran. These barriers are divided into human, technical, organizational and strategic categories. The research community includes the educated members of information and science departments and also the e-government administrators. However, sampling was not accomplished for a limited population .Kolmogroff-Smirnoff test was applied to measure the normality of the variables. In conclusion, we used one sample T-test to study the variables position, but for measuring the gap between the medium of the main variables and their dimensions among academics and elite, independent t-test was applied. After the hypotheses investigation, Freedman test and SPSS 20 software were applied for ranking the information system dimensions. In the analysis of the research questionnaire, we used factor analysis test to explore the main dimensions of the designed construct to measure the variables. Factor analysis (CFA) using Liserel was used to explain the components impact reflecting the integration barriers of e-government. In the research population, only 134 persons filled in the questionnaires. The result shows that the strategic factor is the main barrier (57 percent), political and technical barriers (54 and 45 percent each), and the human and designing barriers (45 and 35 percent) respectively, are the most significant in determining the system integration of e- government
Ali Khishvand - Sadigheh Mohammad Esmaeil - Fahimeh Babalhavaeji - Fatemeh Nooshinfard
کلمات کلیدی : e-government ، information systems ، integration ، Iran
Evaluation of policy measures aims at improving the implementation of policy and outcomes. This article tries to use Marsh and McConnell’s framework to evalvate public policy on subsidies. It is a three-dimensional framework with process, program, and political dimensions. To achieve this goal, it has conducted a survey to explore the views of 70 experts through interviews and questionnaires. The results show that this policy, from the process dimension viewpoint, was not successful. Also in the opinion of the experts, government couldn’t achieve any of its targeted objectives in the short-term. And finally the evaluation of political dimension indicates that subsidies cannot lead to the increased levels of political popularity in the short-term. Also, some environmental factors and international restrictions governing the domestic economy as well as the currency crisis have played a significant role. Finally, some solutions are presented for streamlining this policy, they have been extracted from the views expressed by experts in the interviews
Rahmatollah Gholipour - Javad Attaran - Babak Vatandoust
کلمات کلیدی : public policy assessment ، public policy on subsidies ، political assessment of public policy
The main goal of this article is evaluating the impact of missile technology developments on Iran’s security- defense strategy. The Middle East security environment and major changes in great and regional powers attitudes toward Iran have influenced the security strategy of this country and have led to change in its defense policy by reinforcing military and missile capabilities. In this area, Iran’s main endeavor has been to localize the technology. In later decades, especially after the war with Iraq, Iranian missile experts have focused on the quality and quantity of the missile technology. The main criteria in the development of missile systems are the range and accuracy of missiles. The question that this article is trying to answer is what are the impacts of the missile technology developments on Iran security– defense strategy? As a hypothesis, this article argues that Iran’s missile capabilities in terms of range and accuracy have led to change in Iran’s security– defense strategy from frontier deterrence to regional deterrence
کلمات کلیدی : Iran ، security strategy ، deterrence ، missile technology ، ballistic missiles
Economic growth in all the countries depends on various factors, so in empirical studies with regard to the purpose and view of the researcher, different explanatory variables are used in the economic growth model. Due to the importance of tourism industry in the growth and prosperity of countries, studying the relationship between international tourism and economic growth is the main purpose of this article. On the other hand, based on existing theories and previous studies, information and communication technology (ICT), financial development and energy consumption are effective on economic growth and the relationship between economic growth and international tourism, so we have investigated the impact of these variables on the international tourism and economic growth nexus. In order to achieve the research goals, augmented Solow growth model and vector autoregressive distributed lag bounds test method were used for modeling and estimating equations during the period of 1353 to 1391.Results indicate that international tourism, energy consumption, and ICT have a positive and significant effect on economic growth in the long and short run. The estimation of causality confirmed the existence of causality of all of these variable to economic growth. Also, the results show that the impact of variables on international tourism such as economic growth, ICT, financial development and energy consumption are positive but it is not significant. So the causal relationship between these variable doesn’t exist and we can not accept the impact of ICT, financial development and energy consumption on international tourism and economic growth nexus.
Majid Aghaee - - Yousef Eisazadeh Roshan
کلمات کلیدی : international tourism ، economic growth ، ARDL bounding test, ، JEL classification: L83, O4, C22
Defense diplomacy is a part of nation’s policy which is used as an important tool to achieve the main goals of armed forces. The creation of favorable political, national and international conditions to maintain and extend the national and vital values of the country to counter present and potential enemies is the main goal of defense diplomacy. In the current situation, defense diplomacy is considered a means of the identification and legitimation of national strategy. So, this article tries to assess the strategy of the defense diplomacy of the Islamic Republic of Iran in current situation to help authorities to understand the weaknesses and strengths of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s defense diplomacy. The type of research design is cross-sectional with mixed method (quantitative and qualitative data collected through responses to a questionnaire and interview on the subject). Findings and inferences show that the Islamic Republic of Iran's defense diplomacy is not satisfactory. The results of this research can contribute to the formulation of the defense diplomacy of the Islamic Republic of Iran
- - Hossein Dehghan - Foruzandeh Jafarzadepoor
کلمات کلیدی : defense diplomacy ، defense policy ، Islamic Republic of Iran ، regional and international environment ، strategy

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