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No 85
Vol. 85 No. 26
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آخرین مقالات منتشر شده

Brain lateralization is an interdisciplinary topic and is used in this article to examine the strategic gap between cultural organizations and audiences. The research question is: what is relationship between brain lateralization and the management of cultural organizations? How is the discursive gap between organizations and audiences obtained? And how can this gap be managed to create greater understanding? This is a descriptive/combined study carried out in a credible cultural research institute. In this study, the type and degree of brain lateralization within and outside the organization’s environment (audiences and the organization human resources) are assessed, and the difference between the degree of brain lateralization in the organization and audiences is obtained through comparing the means. Then, a model for discursive gap is designed and the process of understanding creation and management is proposed. According to the study findings, the organization’s external and internal environments have higher right-brain and higher left-brain characteristics, respectively. In this regard, the organization’s management should use a planning strategy within the organization and a task-oriented strategy in its environment. Within the organization, the management should try to attract creative people and to increase the level of creativity by using encouragement and punishment methods and collaborative management practices. Regarding the environment and in order to fill the gap, the management should separate the audiences in the left-brained and right-brained groups based on age and educational needs and predict and plan for suitable products, and finally fill the remaining gap with advertising and appropriate mutual methods.
Ali Noori Motlagh
کلمات کلیدی : strategic discursive gap ، right-brained ، left-brained ، cultural organization
The purpose of this study is to examine and explain the network characteristics and the functions of human resource, related to each network by using human resource architecture to boost mutual learning in Sapco Company. The research method is exploratory-descriptive and data collection is based on quantitative studies (questionnaires) that were carried out in three stages. After theoretical studies, in the first stage, the architecture questionnaire was distributed in order to differentiate between managers’ and vice chairpersons, occupations of Sapco Company. After and specifying which occupation is related to which category, the grid questionnaire, designed in terms of density, homogeneity, and trust, was distributed among occupations. Then, human resource functions questionnaire, designed in terms of bonus, performance appraisal and education and development, was distributed among managers and vice-chair persons to determine the appropriate type of human resource function for every type of architecture. The data from quantitative studies (questionnaires) were analyzed by inferential analysis and by using a single-sample t-test (t-student). The results of this research point to the fact that knowledge-based occupations have a moderate density and homogeneity, but enjoy high-level internal and external trust. Occupations categorized in the type of occupational-oriented architecture have a high density, homogeneity and in-group trust. Ultimately, there was a high degree of heterogeneity between staff according to the type of allies, low density and low level of coordination, and high degree of out-group trust. By identifying the characteristics of each type of architecture, managers can better do the planning for their employees. It was also found that in the various types of networks, human resource functions should be developed to enhance bilateralism in the organization.
Ali Rezaee Mirghaed - Mir Ali Seyed Naghavi - - Hamed Dehghanan
کلمات کلیدی : network ، human resource architecture ، trust ، density ، homogeneity ، functions ، bilateralism
The issue of good governance was first introduced by the World Bank at the end of 1990s. After unsuccessful implementation of economic adjustments policies or the Washington Consensus in some countries, the World Bank concluded that since governments in those countries lack necessary conditions, they are unable to act successfully in implementing the recommendations of this Bank and freeing the prices. It is in fact the first stage of formation and emergence of good governance thought. It must be noted that the good governance paradigm has changed into the dominant paradigm in the development thoughts. Considering the subject of governance in the development issues has been due to a series of factors such as failure in previous development plans, expansion of attention to the institutions in the economic, social, and political analyses, knowledge on the importance of political factors in developing the countries, economists’ conclusion on the failure of some neoclassical assumptions and some other factors such as the fall of communism. However, this strategy too, like other international organization’s plans has been associated with shortages; so far several criticisms have been put forward. This article studies the different dimensions of good governance, explains criticisms of it as well as its shortages and introduces a substitute solution. The alternative solution in this article is sustained governance model. For this reason, the main question of this article is: “What are the deficits in good governance model and which model could replace it”. The hypothesis of this article includes: good governance has been introduced by the World Bank as a method for achieving development; however, different countries are facing challenges and shortcomings in its implementation; the source of good governance is economy and economic development; sustained governance could be discussed as a model to overcome the shortages of good governance; and the model is formed by the combination of the development paradigm as a brain tool; and good governance as an approach to make governance operational. The research methodology is descriptive- analytical method and the method used in data collection is literature review. The theoretical framework of this research is good governance.
- Mohammad Rahim Eivazi - Mohammad Rahim Eivazi
کلمات کلیدی : good governance ، accountability ، political stability ، rule of law
Ever-increasing speed of changes in various areas, new knowledge and skills, ever-increasing contacts between culture and expanding communication networks in the field of culture and thought have made new challenges and opportunities at the national and international levels, thus, finding economic, political and cultural laws regarding this phenomenon has been considered by governments. Governments should pay attention to the formation of a new kind of worldwide society in the framework of general strategies and politics. The governing system needs cultural strategic planning in order to protect, spread and exchange the society’s culture. Along with the development of this planning, it is important to pay attention to effective environmental factors, because in case of not recognizing and distinguishing environmental factors properly, problems will be appeared in performing and executing programs. In this article, effective environmental factors on cultural strategic planning have been considered in three branches of economical, political and technological factors. This article is extracted from a research that is based on gathering data from questionnaires which were filled in by managers, experts and specialists of Islamic Propaganda Organization, High Council of Cultural Revolution and Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance. This article includes a main hypothesis and three sub-hypotheses. The results of statistical analysis showed that there is a significant relationship between effective environmental factors and cultural strategic planning. Then, economic, political and technological factors were ranked and at the end, the analytical research model was tested and analyzed in Lisrel Software and the model was confirmed.
Akbar Bahmani - Reza Zare - Hamed Fazeli Kebria
کلمات کلیدی : culture ، environmental factors ، strategic planning ، cultural strategic planning ، cultural change
Existing obstacles in the physical world prompted criminal participation of contract parties in organizing their resources and making attempts in a coherent and fixed structures with a specified chain of commands, so that they can achieve criminal ends and gain more profits. Using "hierarchical structures" in real space was an effective action to apply power mechanism. The emergence of cyberspace removed real world's constraints and new structural models of organizing criminal coalition between participants in this space appeared which were different from their traditional counterparts in various aspects. The lack of research in this context sparked the need to analyze the nature and methods of organizing crime in cyberspace. This was the initial idea that struck the authors and present article is the outcome of their analysis. It is obvious that an academic scrutiny on this phenomenon provides effective theoretical-practical opportunities for law enforcement agents to prevent the development of organized criminal industry in cyberspace.
Jafar Koosha - Hossein Roozegar -
کلمات کلیدی : organized criminal group ، cyberspace ، hierarchical structure ، black market

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